Union Public Service Commission – An Introduction


Historical background:-

The political movement that the nationalists launched during the Indian independence movement had a major demand that recruitment to the Public Service Commission should be in India, because it was then tested in England.

In October 1926, the first Public Service Commission was established. After independence, Public Commission was established on 26 October 1950 under constitutional provisions.

It was given constitutional status. Also given  autonomy so that it could recruit qualified officers without any pressure. The newly established Public Service Commission was known as the Union Public Service Commission.

Constitutional Provisions:-

 It is a constitutional body as it is established under Article 315 of the Constitution. In the general commission consists of 9 to 11 members, including the chairman, the Union Public Service Commission is the main institution for the recruitment of civil servants, Who conducts many different administrative examinations in the central and union territories.

The commission conducts about a dozen examinations for various services, such as engineering, medicine, forest services etc.

  • Indian Engineering Service
  • Indian Economic and Statistical Service
  • Ground service
  • Special Category Railway Trainee Services
  • Joint medical service
  • Central police service
  • Joint defense service
  • National defense service

At present, the Union Public Service Commission selects candidates for 24 services through the Civil Services Examinations, the most well-known of which are Indian Administrative, Indian Police Service and Indian Revenue Service.

All India Service:

 Indian Administrative Service, Indian Police Service and Indian Forest Services are called All India Services. Whereas, others like – IRS (Indian Revenue Service) and Information Services are called Central Services. These services are recruited and trained by the Union Government, while the All India Services Association and the State provide their services. The functions of the officers of their services are mainly more written than written, which includes the implementation of government policies, legal administration, etc.

Indian Administrative Service:

 It holds the highest position among all All India Services. 

Candidates selected for about 1000 vacancies are IAS officers who work in many important posts in centers and states. After appointment, they are appointed in subdivisions or districts. And because of promotion, they work in the posts of departmental secretaries in the states and up to the cabinet secretary in the centers. 

Note: The Cabinet Secretary is the most senior officer of the entire Indian administrative system.

Indian Police Service:

 This service comes under All India Services. Selected candidates are appointed as Assistant Superintendents of Police after two years of training in the office of the District Superintendent of Police.  Promotion respectively: – Superintendent of Police, Senior Superintendent of Police, Deputy Inspector General, Inspector General of Police and Director General. Only IPS officers of this service can also serve in Intelligence Bureau, Research and Analysis Institute, Central Bureau of Investigation, and Crime Research Department.

Indian Forest Service:-

 This service was created in 1966 for the promotion and protection of the natural forest community of the country. Selected candidates work on the post of Assistant Forest Conservation and after a nearly four-year tenure, officers are given senior posts and pay scales. The Director General of Forests is the highest position in the center.

Indian Revenue Service:

 It is a central service, where officers have to work under the Revenue Department of the Ministry of Finance.

This service has two branches – Customs and Excise and Income Tax. 

Officers working in this service start with the post of Assistant Commissioner, and later serve as the Chief Commissioner.

Special Category Railway Apprenticeship Service: 

This service was started in 1927 by the British. UPSC appoints selected candidates to the Group (A) posts in this service every year through the Civil Services Examination. Normally, many high posts are appointed in it through the SCRA. UPSC also appoints in railway service through engineering service. For more details must read:- Blog Post Times.


Union Public Service Commission

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